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Фільм жовтня: «Лють»

Американские фильмы


До виходу військового бойовика з Бредом Піттом ми поговорили з оператором-постановником «Люті» — росіянином Романом Васьяновим, який закінчив ВДІК, а до голлівудського дебюту зняв картини Валерія Тодоровського «Стиляги» і «Лещата».


«Лють» схожа на фільми про війну, які до цього знімали в Голлівуді?

Тут ніколи не було кіно про танковому взводі, хоча, здавалося б, тема дуже важлива. За настроєм ця картина теж інша: у мене було завдання зняти саме російську історію. В Америці вже є «Врятувати рядового Райана», інші шедеври на цю тему. Ми зрозуміли, що якщо хочеться зробити щось своє, то потрібно будувати фільм інакше. На мій погляд, «Лють» вийшла людяної, тому що акцент зроблений на життєвих історіях, а не на спецефектах. Це швидше «Апокаліпсис сьогодні», ніж «Врятувати рядового Райана». І в підсумку робота досить європейська, навіть російська.

А що значить «російське кіно» в Америці?

Це коли на перший план виходять психологічні стосунки героїв. Безумовно, американська класика і те, що роблять Коппола, Скорсезе, теж підходять під це визначення. Але я орієнтувався на радянський кінематограф — на Олексія Германа, наприклад. Картин, де людське страждання, драма виходять на перший план, в Америці небагато. Тут вирують нескінченні Айронмени, Супермени.

Ви говорили, що давно хотіли зняти фільм про Другу світову війну. Чому?

Тому що це тема, яка завжди буде актуальною. Може, це і банальна думка, але я ж виріс у Радянському Союзі, був жовтеням і піонером. Нас не те щоб зомбували, але навчали патріотизму по відношенню до цієї частини вітчизняної історії. Війна — дивна сторінка в історії людства, коли ціла нація зійшла з розуму, і тепер ми повинні докласти зусиль, щоб це не сталося знову. Не хочеться, щоб історія зіграла з нами злий жарт через надуману імперську велич.

У Росії постійно порівнюють вітчизняне кіновиробництво з американським. Ви помітили якісь сильні відмінності?

Приїзд до Америки став для мене холодним душем. Коли збірна Росії з футболу грає на чемпіонаті світу, я розумію, що вони відчувають. Спочатку хлопці думають, що зараз приїдуть і покажуть іншим командам, що ті зажралися. Але виявляється, що збірна Хорватії чомусь бігає в два рази швидше, кусається, штовхає ліктями, б’є по ногах і відбирає м’яч. В Америці все інакше, тут великі компанії не спонсорують незалежне кіно, а дивляться після його виходу і, якщо сподобається, купують. Перший фільм тут ми зняли за двадцять днів і з мінімальними вкладеннями. Пам’ятаю, світло я виставляв якимись побутовими лампами.

Чому тоді не повернулися?

В Росії було відчуття, ніби я задихаюся. Там є п’ять режисерів, з якими хотілося б співпрацювати, з трьома з них ми вже знімали кіно. На мій погляд, в Америці я професійно виріс із-за конкуренції. Повинна бути боротьба, щоб люди зрозуміли: працювати в кіно — привілей, а не даність. Цього в Росії не вистачає.

А саме на знімальному майданчику сильна різниця?

Я працював з видатними російськими акторами, але такої самопожертви на знімальному майданчику, як в Америці, не бачив ніколи. Ми знімали «Лють» два місяці, у нас в складі було п’ять найбільш затребуваних артистів у світі, від Шайи Лабафа до Майкла Пеньї, вони сиділи в Англії і нікуди не виїжджали все це час. В Росії у актора паралельно тридцять п’ять зйомок, два проекти тут-там і треба ще на гастролі встигнути. Ми винайшли систему Станіславського, але самі ж її поховали.

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